4 Types Of Sesame Seeds You Should Know About

According to one of the Hindu legends, sesame seeds signify ‘immortality’. This tiny oval shaped nut, flat in structure is the oldest oilseed crop ever known to human race and considered as one of the healthiest food. Over 80% of the sesame seeds are exported from India which made it to the list of top 5 exporters of sesame seeds in the world. Other countries that make it to the list of leading exporters are:
       1.    China,
       2.    Mexico, and
       3.    Japan.

Known for their nutty flavor, the seeds vary in color i.e. brown, red, black, yellow, and the most common is - pale grayish ivory or white seeds.

The seeds can be consumed raw, dried, or roasted. They are also used as an ingredient in food preparations worldwide.

Some commonly used varieties of Sesame Seeds are:

  1. Brown Seeds- Known for their high content of oil around 45-50%, the brown sesame seeds are used for extraction of oil which is extensively used in India.
  2. White Seeds- The white seeds which are exported from India is known for their nutty flavor and is used as a condiment for baking purposes, it is mostly found sprinkled over buns and cakes.
  3. Black Seeds- The black seeds are rich in flavor and are mostly used as a seasoning in salads, to marinate meat and vegetables, and also for medicinal purposes.
  4. Red Sesame Seeds-The red seeds are rich in aroma so they are mainly used in dishes to enhance the taste.

The Mexicans use these seeds for sauce additive such as Mole and adobo whilst the Japanese and Chinese use the black seeds mixed in fish and meat cuisines. The most common use of the sesame seeds in India is as a seasoning for various food delicacies.